INDIA : CLIMATE,VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE

--> weather is about day to day changes in the atmosphere.It includes changes in temperature, rainfall and sunshine etc.

--> the major seasons recognised in India are:
• Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to February
• Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May
• Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September
• Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November
--> Hot and dry winds called loo .

--> The climate is about the average weather condition, which have been measured over many years.

--> Monsoon is taken from the Arabic word ‘mausim’, which means seasons.

--> The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the sea, and relief.
--> Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall. --> The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.

--> Tropical Rain Forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. They are so dense that sunlight doesn’t reach the ground.

--> Sundari is a well-known species of trees in mangrove forests after which Sunderbans have been named.

--> The tiger is our national animal. It is found in various parts of the country. Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.

--> The peacock is our national bird.

-->Every year we observe wildlife week in the first week of October, to create awareness of conserving the habitats of the animal kingdom.

Tick the correct answers.

(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
(i) Mumbai
(ii) Asansol
(iii) Mawsynram

(b) Mangrove forests can thrive in
(i) saline water
(ii) fresh water
(iii) polluted water

(c) Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in
(i) mangrove forests
(ii) tropical deciduous forests
(iii) tropical evergreen forests

(d) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests

(e) During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from
(i) land to sea
(ii) sea to land
(iii) plateau to plains

Fill in the blanks.

(a) Hot and dry winds known as ________________ blow during the day in the summers.
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of________________.
(c) _____________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________________.
(d) _____________ is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
(e) ____________ are also called monsoon forests.